Nucleotides are the units that make up nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).
They are considered true nutraceuticals or functional ingredients for the benefit that they bring to health, and they are often used to improve disease resistance, to decrease mortality, and to promote growth rate.
They are low molecular weight intracellular compounds with a sugar, a nitrogen base and one or more phosphate groups.
They play a key role in the cell.
Their main functions are:
• Structural (nucleic acid building blocks)
• Energy (carriers, as ATP)
• Coenzymatic (synthesis of macromoleculas as CH, Fats and Proteins)
• Messengers (intracellular signal transduction through cellular membrane)